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The 365 Most Frequently Tested Vocabulary Words for Flashcards

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The following vocabulary word list is from the most frequently appearing, common words on these exams:

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  • Abdicate - (verb) to cast off or relinquish

  • Aberration - (noun) a state or condition markedly different from the norm

  • Abject - (adj.) sunk to a low condition or in miserable circumstances

  • Abolish - (verb) do away with

  • Abridge - (verb) lessen, diminish, or curtail; reduce in scope while retaining essential elements

  • Abstemious - (adj.) sparing in consumption of especially food and drink; marked by temperance

  • Accent - (verb) put stress on; utter with an accent; to stress, single out as important

  • Accolade - (noun) a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction

  • Acquiesce - (verb) to agree or express agreement; rest satisfied

  • Acrimonious - (adj.) caustic, biting or rancorous in language or expression

  • Acumen - (noun) shrewdness shown by keen insight

  • Affable - (adj.) friendly; outgoing disposition

  • Affirmation - (noun) a statement asserting the existence or the truth of something

  • Alacrity - (noun) liveliness and eagerness; youthful energy

  • Alleviate - (verb) provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier

  • Aloof - (adj.) remote in manner; distant

  • Amass - (verb) collect or gather; get or gather together

  • Ambiguous - (adj.) having more than one possible meaning; often misleading

  • Ambivalence - (noun) mixed feelings or emotions

  • Ambulatory - (adj.) relating to or adapted for walking; able to walk about

  • Ameliorate - (verb) get better; to make better

  • Amity - (noun) a cordial disposition; a state of friendship and cordiality

  • Anchor - (noun) a central cohesive source of support and stability

  • Anchor - (verb) fix firmly and stably

  • Antagonize - (verb) provoke the hostility of; act in opposition to

  • Antediluvian - (adj.) so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period; of or relating to the period before the biblical flood

  • Antediluvian - (noun) a very old person

  • Apathy - (noun) the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally; an absence of enthusiasm

  • Apocryphal - (adj.) of doubtful authenticity

  • Arcane - (adj.) requiring secret or mysterious knowledge

  • Ascendancy - (noun) the state that exists when one person or group has power over another

  • Atrophy - (noun) any weakening or degeneration

  • Augment - (verb) enlarge or increase; grow or intensify

  • Avuncular - (adj.) like an uncle in kindness or indulgence; being or relating to an uncle


  • Bane - (noun) something causes misery or death

  • Belie - (verb) represent falsely; be in contradiction with

  • Belittle - (verb) lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of; express a negative opinion of; cause to seem less serious;

  • Bellicose - (adj.) having or showing a ready disposition to fight

  • Belligerence - (noun) hostile or warlike attitude or nature; a natural disposition to be hostile

  • Benign - (adj.) pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner; not dangerous to health

  • Bizarre - (adj.) conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual

  • Blatant - (adj.) noisy in a vulgar or offensive manner

  • Blunder - (noun) an embarrassing mistake; verb utter impulsively; make one's way clumsily or blindly

  • Brevity - (noun) the attribute of being brief or fleeting; the use of brief expressions

  • Bucolic - (adj.) relating to shepherds or herdsmen or devoted to raising sheep or cattle; used of idealized country life

  • Bucolic - (noun) a short descriptive poem of rural or pastoral life

  • Bungle - (verb) spoil by behaving clumsily or foolishly; make a mess of, destroy or ruin

  • Bungle - (noun) an embarrassing mistake

  • Burgeon - (verb) grow and flourish


  • Cajole - (verb) to deceive or persuade with false pretenses

  • Callous - (verb) make insensitive or callous; deaden feelings or morals

  • Callous - (adj.) emotionally hardened

  • Candid - (adj.) openly straightforward and direct without reserve or secretiveness; informal or natural

  • Cantankerous - (adj.) having a difficult and contrary disposition; stubbornly obstructive and unwilling to cooperate

  • Capitulate - (verb) surrender under agreed conditions

  • Capricious - (adj.) determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason; changeable

  • Censure - (noun) harsh criticism or disapproval; the state of being excommunicated

  • Censure - (verb) rebuke formally

  • Chagrin - (noun) strong feelings of embarrassment

  • Chagrin - (verb) cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of

  • Charlatan - (noun) a quack or one showing false pretenses

  • Chicanery - (noun) the use of tricks to deceive someone

  • Churlish - (adj.) having a bad disposition; surly; rude and boorish

  • Clairvoyant - (noun) someone who has the power of clairvoyance

  • Clairvoyant - (adj.) foreseeing the future

  • Clemency - (noun) leniency and compassion shown toward offenders of rule or law

  • Coalesce - (verb) fuse or cause to grow together; mix together different elements

  • Cohere - (verb) cause to form a united, orderly, and aesthetically consistent whole; come in close contact

  • Complacent - (adj.) contented to a fault with oneself or one's actions

  • Compress - (verb) squeeze or press together; make more compact by or as if by pressing

  • Compress - (noun) a folded cloth or pad applied so as to press upon a body part

  • Confide - (verb) reveal in private; tell confidentially; confer a trust upon

  • Confound - (verb) mistake one thing for another; be confusing or perplexing to

  • Congeal - (verb) to change from a liquid to solid state

  • Congenial - (adj.) used of plants; suitable to your needs or similar to your nature

  • Contaminant - (noun) a substance that violates the purity of an item

  • Converge - (verb) come together so as to form a single product; move or draw together at a certain location

  • Convivial - (adj.) occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

  • Copious - (adj.) large in number or quantity; affording an abundant supply

  • Corroborate - (verb) support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm; establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

  • Corrugated - (adj.) shaped into alternating parallel grooves and ridges

  • Corrupt - (verb) alter from the original

  • Corrupt - (adj.) lacking in integrity

  • Cowardice - (noun) lacking courage

  • Credence - (noun) the attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true

  • Cryptic - (adj.) having a puzzling terseness; of an obscure nature; having a secret or hidden meaning

  • Cupidity - (noun) greed and strong desire for wealth

  • Cursory - (adj.) hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough

  • Daunt - (verb) cause to lose courage

  • Dauntless - (adj.) invulnerable to fear or intimidation

  • Debilitate - (verb) make weak

  • Decorous - (adj.) dignified in conduct, manners or disposition

  • Delusion - (noun) deception by creating illusory ideas; a mistaken or unfounded opinion or idea

  • Deplete - (verb) use or exhaust resources

  • Derelict - (adj.) abandoned duty or neglected by owner or occupant

  • Deviate - (verb) to stray from the norm or standard

  • Dictum - (noun) an authoritative declaration; an opinion voiced by a judge on a point of law not directly bearing on the case in question and therefore not binding

  • Didactic - (adj.) designed or intended to teach; making moral observations

  • Discrepancy - (noun) a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions; an event that departs from expectations

  • Disdain - (noun) lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

  • Disdain - (verb) reject with contempt

  • Disentangle - (verb) smoothen and neaten; free from involvement

  • Disingenuous - (adj.) not straightforward or candid; giving a false appearance of frankness

  • Distend - (verb) swell from or as if from internal pressure; cause to expand as it by internal pressure

  • Docile - (adj.) easily handled or managed; ready and willing to be taught

  • Drawback - (noun) the quality of being a hindrance

  • Dubious - (adj.) not convinced; fraught with uncertainty or doubt; open to doubt or suspicion


  • Edict - (noun) a proclamation having the force of law

  • Efface - (verb) make inconspicuous; remove completely from recognition or memory

  • Effervescent - (adj.) marked by high spirits or excitement; bubbly and engaging

  • Eloquent - (adj.) marked for forceful or fluent expression; well-spoken

  • Enhance - (verb) increase; make better or more attractive

  • Enigmatic - (adj.) resembling an oracle in obscurity of thought; not clear or understandable

  • Entourage - (noun) the group following and attending to some important person

  • Ephemeral - (adj.) lasting a very short time

  • Ephemeral - (noun) anything short-lived

  • Epitome - (noun) a brief abstract in a book or journal; a standard or typical example

  • Equilibrium - (noun) a stable, balanced system

  • Equivocate - (verb) be deliberately ambiguous or unclear in order to mislead or withhold information

  • Erudite - (adj.) well read or esteemed for knowledge

  • Eschew - (verb) to avoid or shun

  • Eulogy - (noun) praise; a speech full of praise at a funeral

  • Euphonious - (adj.) having a pleasant sound; pleasing in sound; not harsh or strident

  • Evacuate - (verb) excrete or discharge from the body; empty completely;

  • Evanescent - (adj.) tending to vanish like vapor

  • Exacerbate - (verb) exasperate or irritate; make worse

  • Exclude - (verb) prevent from being included or considered or accepted; prevent from entering

  • Exculpate - (verb) to clear from fault or guilt

  • Expedite - (verb) process fast and efficiently; speed up the progress of; facilitate

  • Expendable - (adj.) able to be spent or done away with;

  • Extol - (verb) praise, glorify, or honor


  • Facilitate - (verb) make easier; increase the likelihood of (a response); be of use

  • Fallow - (noun) cultivated land that is not seeded for one or more growing seasons

  • Fallow - (adj.) undeveloped but potentially useful; left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season

  • Famished - (adj.) extremely hungry

  • Fastidious - (adj.) giving careful attention to detail; hard to please; excessively concerned with cleanliness; having complicated nutritional requirements; especially growing only in special artificial cultures

  • Fathom - (noun) understanding or comprehension; also a unit of length equal to 6 cubic feet

  • Fathom - (verb) to penetrate to the meaning or nature of; comprehend;to determine the depth of; sound

  • Fertile - (adj.) capable of reproducing; marked by great fruitfulness; bearing in abundance especially offspring; intellectually productive

  • Fidelity - (noun) the quality of being faithful

  • Flourish - (verb) grow stronger; move or swing back and forth; gain in wealth

  • Foible - (noun) a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual

  • Foster - (verb) help develop, help grow

  • Fraudulent - (adj.) intended to deceive

  • Frugal - (adj.) avoiding waste; spendthrift

  • Fruitful - (adj.) productive or conducive to producing in abundance; productive of profit

  • Fruitless - (adj.) unproductive of success

  • Furtive - (adj.) marked by quiet and caution and secrecy; taking pains to avoid being observed; secret and sly or sordid

  • Futile - (adj.) producing no result or effect; unproductive of success


  • Garner - (verb) store grain; assemble or get together; acquire or deserve by one's efforts or actions

  • Garner - (noun) a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed

  • Gaudy - (adj.) marked by conspicuous display; tastelessly showy

  • Generic - (noun) any product that can be sold without a brand name

  • Generic - (adj.) applicable to an entire class or group

  • Genre - (noun) a class of art having a characteristic form or technique; a kind of literary or artistic work

  • Germane - (adj.) relevant or appropriate

  • Glean - (verb) gather, as of natural products; to pick over in search of relevant materials

  • Glib - (adj.) artfully persuasive in speech; having only superficial plausibility; marked by lack of intellectual depth

  • Gluttony - (noun) eating to excess; habitual eating to excess

  • Grandiose - (adj.) impressive because of unnecessary largeness or grandeur; used to show disapproval

  • Gratuitous - (adj.) without cause; unnecessary and unwarranted; costing nothing

  • Gregarious - (adj.) enjoying of other peoples’ company or discourse

  • Grotto - (noun) a small cave

  • Guile - (noun) the use of tricks to deceive someone; the quality of being deceitful

  • Gullible - (adj.) easily tricked because of being too trusting; naive and easily deceived or tricked

  • Gusto - (noun) vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment


  • Hackneyed - (adj.) repeated too often; over familiar through overuse

  • Harbinger - (noun) an indication of the approach of something or someone

  • Harbinger - (verb) foreshadow or presage

  • Haughty - (adj.) blatantly and disdainfully proud

  • Hefty - (adj.) of considerable weight and size; large in amount or extent or degree; rugged and powerful

  • Hiatus - (noun) a missing piece; an interruption in time

  • Hideous - (adj.) so extremely ugly as to be terrifying; grossly offensive to decency or morality; causing horror

  • Hilarity - (noun) great merriment or enjoyment

  • Hinder - (verb) put at a disadvantage

  • Hone - (verb) make perfect or complete

  • Humane - (adj.) marked or motivated by concern with the alleviation of suffering

  • Husbandry - (noun) the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock

  • Hybrid - (noun) mixed offspring; produced by cross-breeding; mixture of words

  • Hyperbole - (noun) extravagant exaggeration

  • Hypocritical - (adj.) professing feelings or virtues one does not have


  • Iconoclast - (noun) someone who attacks cherished ideas or traditional institutions; a destroyer of images used in religious worship

  • Idiosyncratic - (adj.) peculiar to the individual

  • Imperial - (adj.) belonging to or befitting a supreme ruler; befitting or belonging to an emperor or empress

  • Impudent - (adj.) marked by casual disrespect; improperly forward or bold

  • Inchoate - (adj.) only partly in existence; imperfectly formed

  • Incite - (verb) to provoke

  • Inconspicuous - (adj.) not prominent or readily noticeable

  • Incorrigible - (adj.) impervious to correction by punishment

  • Indignant - (adj.) angered at something unjust or wrong

  • Indolent - (adj.) slow to heal or develop and usually painless; disinclined to work or exertion; lazy

  • Ineffable - (adj.) too sacred to be uttered; defying expression or description

  • Innocuous - (adj.) producing no injury; harmless

  • Insolent - (adj.) unrestrained by convention or propriety; marked by casual disrespect

  • Intuition - (noun) instinctive knowing

  • Invocation - (noun) the act of appealing for help; an incantation used in conjuring or summoning a devil; a prayer asking God's help as part of a religious service; calling up a spirit or devil

  • Irascible - (adj.) characterized by anger; quickly aroused to anger

  • Ironic - (adj.) characterized by often poignant difference or incongruity between what is expected and what actually is; humorously sarcastic or mocking

  • Irrefutable - (adj.) impossible to deny or disprove


  • Jargon - (noun) specialized technical terminology; a characteristic language of a particular group

  • Jeopardize - (verb) to expose to danger or risk

  • Jettison - (verb) throw as from an airplane; throw away

  • Jocular - (adj.) characterized by jokes and good humor

  • Jocular - (adv.) with humor

  • Judicious - (adj.) marked by the exercise of good judgment or common sense in practical matters

  • Juxtapose - (verb) place side by side


  • Kindle - (verb) cause to start burning; catch fire; call forth

  • Kinetic - (adj.) characterized by motion; relating to the motion of material bodies and the forces associated therewith; supplying motive force

  • Kudos - (noun) an expression of approval and commendation


  • Lackadaisical - (adj.) idle or indolent especially in a dreamy way; lacking spirit or liveliness

  • Laconic - (adj.) brief and to the point; without many words

  • Languid - (adj.) lacking spirit or liveliness

  • Laud - (verb) to give praise or highly approve

  • Lax - (adj.) emptying easily or excessively; lacking in rigor or strictness; not taut or rigid

  • Leniency - (noun) lightening a penalty or excusing from a chore by judges or parents or teachers; a disposition to yield to the wishes of someone; mercifulness as a consequence of being lenient or tolerant

  • Levitate - (verb) be suspended in the air, as if in defiance of gravity

  • Levity - (noun) a manner lacking seriousness; feeling an inappropriate lack of seriousness

  • Listless - (adj.) lacking zest or vivacity; marked by low spirits; showing no enthusiasm

  • Loquacious - (adj.) full of trivial conversation

  • Lucid - (adj.) having a clear mind; transparently clear; easily understandable; transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity; capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner

  • Lugubrious - (adj.) excessively mournful


  • Magnanimous - (adj.) generous and understanding and tolerant; noble and generous in spirit

  • Maladroit - (adj.) clumsy; lacking dexterity or physical coordination

  • Malleable - (adj.) capable of being shaped or bended

  • Maxim - (noun) a general truth or proverbial statement

  • Mellifluous - (adj.) pleasing to the ear; flowing in nature

  • Mendacious - (adj.) lying or deceitful demeanor

  • Mendicant - (noun) a beggar

  • Mercurial - (adj.) liable to sudden unpredictable change

  • Mettle - (noun) the courage to carry on

  • Misanthrope - (noun) a person who hates or distrusts humankind

  • Miscreant - (noun) a person without moral scruples

  • Mitigate - (verb) make less severe or harsh; to lessen the seriousness or extent of

  • Mobile - (adj.) capable of changing quickly from one state or condition to another; moving or capable of moving

  • Mollify - (verb) make less rigid or softer; make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else

  • Morbid - (adj.) suggesting an unhealthy mental state; caused by or altered by or manifesting disease or pathology; suggesting the horror of death and decay

  • Motley - (verb) make something more diverse and varied

  • Motley - (adj.) consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds

  • Mundane - (adj.) ordinary, often boring

  • Munificent - (adj.) very generous; giving

  • Myopic - (adj.) lacking foresight; narrow-minded

  • Myriad - (noun) a large indefinite number

  • Myriad - (adj.) too numerous to be counted


  • Nadir - (noun) an extreme state of adversity; the lowest point of anything

  • Narcissistic - (adj.) characteristic of those having an inflated idea of their own importance; often selfish

  • Nebulous - (adj.) lacking definition or definite content; lacking definite form or limits

  • Nefarious - (adj.) extremely wicked

  • Negligible - (adj.) so small as to be meaningless; insignificant; not worth considering

  • Nepotism - (noun) favoritism shown to relatives or close friends by those in power, usually for jobs

  • Nexus - (noun) a connected series or group; the means of connection between things linked in series

  • Nomad - (noun) noun an individual who roams about without purpose or residence

  • Nonchalant - (adj.) marked by blithe unconcern

  • Nostalgia - (noun) longing for something past; a longing, retrospective view

  • Nullify - (verb) make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of; show to be invalid; declare invalid


  • Obdurate - (adj.) showing unfeeling resistance to tender feelings; stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing

  • Oblivion - (noun) the state of being disregarded or forgotten; total forgetfulness

  • Obscure - (verb) make difficult to perceive by sight

  • Obscure - (adj.) not clearly understood or expressed

  • Obsequious - (adj.) attentive in an ingratiating or servile manner; attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery

  • Obtuse - (adj.) lacking sharpness or intellectual ability

  • Odyssey - (noun) a long wandering and eventful journey; a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy

  • Onerous - (adj.) not easily borne; wearing

  • Onus - (noun) an onerous or difficult concern

  • Opacity - (noun) the degree to which something reduces the passage of light; more obscure

  • Opaque - (adj.) not clear; not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy; not clearly understood or expressed

  • Opulent - (adj.) rich and superior in quality

  • Oscillate - (verb) move or swing from side to side regularly; be undecided about something; waver between conflicting positions or courses of action

  • Ostentatious - (adj.) intended to attract notice and impress others; of a display that is tawdry or vulgar

  • Overt - (adj.) open and observable; not secret or hidden


  • Pacify - (verb) fight violence and try to establish peace; cause to be more favorably inclined; gain the good will of

  • Palpable - (adj.) capable of being perceived by the senses or the mind; especially capable of being handled or felt

  • Panacea - (noun) a cure-all; a remedy for all difficulties

  • Pander - (verb) arrange for sexual partners for others; yield (to); give satisfaction to

  • Parity - (noun) equality or equal status

  • Parsimony - (noun) extreme care in spending money; reluctance to spend money unnecessarily; extreme stinginess

  • Patent - (noun) a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention; an official document granting a right or privilege

  • Patent - (verb) make open to sight or notice

  • Patent - (adj.) open; affording free passage

  • Paucity - (noun) an insufficient quantity or number

  • Pedantic - (adj.) marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects

  • Pejorative - (adj.) derogatory or demeaning

  • Penchant - (noun) a strong liking or fondness

  • Penury - (noun) a state of extreme poverty or destitution

  • Perfidy - (noun) betrayal of a trust; an act of deliberate betrayal

  • Perfunctory - (adj.) hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough; as a formality only

  • Peripatetic - (adj.) often moving or wandering from place to place

  • Peripheral - (adj.) the outer area; related to the key issue but not of central importance

  • Petulant - (adj.) easily irritated or annoyed

  • Pilfer - (verb) make off with belongings of others; steal

  • Placate - (verb) to soothe or mollify

  • Placid - (adj.) free from disturbance; living without undue worry; taking life easy; not easily irritated

  • Precise - (adj.) sharply exact or accurate or delimited

  • Premeditated - (adj.) characterized by deliberate purpose and some degree of planning

  • Pretentious - (adj.) making claim to or creating an appearance of importance or distinction; intended to attract notice and impress others; of a display that is tawdry or vulgar

  • Prevalent - (adj.) widely accepted, favored or practiced

  • Probity - (noun) complete and confirmed integrity; having strong moral principles

  • Proclivity - (noun) a natural inclination

  • Prodigal - (noun) a recklessly extravagant consumer

  • Prodigal - (adj.) marked by rash extravagance; very generous

  • Prodigious - (adj.) so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe; far beyond what is usual

  • Profuse - (adj.) produced or growing in extreme abundance

  • Provoke - (verb) provide the needed stimulus for; evoke or provoke to appear or occur; call forth emotions or feelings

  • Proximity - (noun) the property of being close together

  • Prudence - (noun) discretion in practical affairs; knowing how to avoid embarrassment or distress

  • Puerile - (adj.) juvenile and immature

  • Pugnacious - (adj.) ready and able to resort to force or violence; tough and callous by virtue of experience

  • Pulverize - (verb) make into a powder by breaking up or cause to become dust; destroy completely


  • Quagmire - (noun) in a tough position; mired with difficulty

  • Queasy - (adj.) causing or fraught with or showing anxiety; feeling nausea; feeling about to vomit

  • Querulous - (adj.) habitually complaining

  • Quip - (noun) witty remark

  • Quip - (verb) make jokes

  • Quirk - (noun) a strange habit

  • Quirk - (verb) twist or curve abruptly

  • Quixotic - (adj.) foolishly impractical; often unpredictable

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  • Rant - (verb) talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner

  • Rant - (noun) pompous or pretentious talk or writing

  • Recalcitrant - (adj.) marked by stubborn resistance to authority; stubbornly resistant to authority or control

  • Recant - (verb) formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief, usually under pressure

  • Reciprocal - (adj.) shared or felt on both sides

  • Reclusive - (adj.) providing privacy or seclusion; withdrawn from society; seeking solitude

  • Remedy - (noun) a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain; act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil

  • Remedy - (verb) provide relief for; set straight or right

  • Replete - (verb) fill to satisfaction

  • Replete - (adj.) filled or permeated; filled to satisfaction with food or drink

  • Rescind - (verb) annul by recalling or rescinding

  • Reserve - (noun) the trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary; something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose;

  • Resolute - (adj.) firm in purpose or belief; characterized by firmness and determination

  • Respite - (noun) a pause from doing something; a pause for relaxation; the act of reprieving

  • Rhetoric - (noun) study of the technique and rules for using language effectively; using language effectively to please or persuade; loud and confused and empty talk; high-flown style; excessive use of verbal ornamentation

  • Ruffle - (verb) pleat or gather into a ruffle; disturb the smoothness of; erect or fluff up; trouble or vex

  • Rupture - (noun) the act of making a sudden noisy break; a personal or social separation


  • Saccharine - (adj.) overly sweet

  • Salubrious - (adj.) favorable to health of mind or body; promoting health; healthful

  • Sardonic - (adj.) disdainfully or ironically humorous; scornful and mocking

  • Scrutinize - (verb) examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification; to look at critically or searchingly, or in minute detail

  • Seditious - (adj.) in opposition to a civil authority or government; arousing to action or rebellion

  • Sedulous - (adj.) marked by care and persistent effort

  • Skepticism - (noun) doubt about the truth of something; the disbelief in any claims of ultimate knowledge

  • Somber - (adj.) grave or even gloomy in character; lacking brightness or color; dull

  • Sovereign - (noun) a nation's ruler or head of state usually by hereditary right

  • Sovereign - (adj.) greatest in status or authority or power; not controlled by outside forces

  • Sparse - (adj.) not dense; not thickly settled

  • Specify - (verb) decide upon or fix definitely; be specific about; determine the essential quality

  • Spontaneous - (adj.) happening or arising without apparent external cause; said or done without having been planned or written in advance

  • Spurn - (verb) reject with contempt

  • Squander - (verb) spend extravagantly; spend thoughtlessly; throw away or waste

  • Stimulus - (noun) any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action

  • Stringent - (adj.) demanding strict attention to rules and procedures

  • Stymie - (noun) a thwarting and distressing situation

  • Stymie - (verb) hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of

  • Subtle - (adj.) faint and difficult to analyze; able to make fine distinctions

  • Succinct - (adj.) briefly giving the gist of something

  • Summary - (noun) a brief statement that presents the main points in a concise form

  • Summon - (verb) call in an official matter, such as to attend court; ask to come; gather or bring together

  • Sumptuous - (adj.) rich and superior in quality

  • Sycophant - (noun) a servile, self-seeking flatterer

  • Symbiotic - (adj.) used of organisms living together but not necessarily in a relation beneficial to each; cooperative relationship


  • Taciturn - (adj.) disinclined to talk or speak

  • Tangent - (noun) often unrelated; a straight line or plane that touches a curve or curved surface at a point but does not intersect it at that point

  • Tantamount - (adj.) being essentially equal to something

  • Tawdry - (adj.) cheap and shoddy; tastelessly showy

  • Tenacious - (adj.) sticking together; good at remembering; stubbornly unyielding

  • Tenuous - (adj.) very thin in gauge or diameter; having thin consistency; having little substance or significance

  • Tranquil - (adj.) free from agitation or worry; calm

  • Transient - (noun) in Physics, a short-lived oscillation in a system caused by a sudden change of voltage or current or load; lasting a very short time

  • Truculence - (noun) obstreperous and defiant aggressiveness

  • Truncate - (verb) to shorten

  • Turbulence - (noun) unstable flow of a liquid or gas; a state of violent disturbance and disorder; instability


  • Ubiquitous - (adj.) omnipresent, existing everywhere at the same time

  • Urbane - (adj.) polite and refined

  • Usurp - (verb) to seize or hold in possession by force without right


  • Venality - (noun) prostitution of talents or offices or services for reward; associated with bribery

  • Venerable - (adj.) impressive by reason of age; profoundly honored

  • Venturesome - (adj.) disposed to venture or take risks

  • Verbose - (adj.) using or containing too many words

  • Vex - (verb) to bring trouble to, or annoy

  • Viable - (adj.) capable of life or normal growth and development; capable of being done with means at hand and circumstances as they are

  • Vibrancy - (noun) having the character of a loud deep sound; the quality of being resonant

  • Vilification - (noun) a rude expression intended to offend or hurt; slanderous defamation

  • Virulence - (noun) extreme hostility; extreme harmfulness


  • Wane - (verb) to decrease in size

  • Wanton - (noun) lewd or lascivious woman

  • Wanton - (verb) behave extremely cruelly and brutally

  • Wary - (adj.) marked by keen caution and watchful prudence; openly distrustful and unwilling to confide

  • Whet - (verb) make keen or more acute; sharpen by rubbing

  • Whittle - (verb) cut small bits or pare shavings from

  • Willful - (adj.) habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition; done by design

  • Wily - (adj.) marked by skill in deception

  • Wont - (noun) a pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition; an established custom


  • Xanthic - (adj.) of or relating to yellow color


  • Yare - (adj.) quick; agile; energetic


  • Zany - (noun) a buffoon in one of the old comedies

  • Zealot - (noun) a fervent and even militant proponent of something

  • Zenith - (noun) the point above the observer that is directly opposite the nadir on the imaginary sphere against which celestial bodies appear to be projected

  • Zephyr - (noun) (Greek mythology) the Greek god of the west wind; a slight refreshing wind

  • Zest - (verb) add herbs or spices to

  • Zest - (noun) vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment